Six 3D model representative Rhynchonellata brachiopods.

Virtual Collection, Class Rhynchonellata

This virtual collection was last curated by Jonathan Hendricks on May 2, 2019.  Creative Commons License Each model is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Unless otherwise indicated, each model was created by Emily Hauf using specimens at the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York.

Order Athyridida


Family Athyrididae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Athyris spiriferoides from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 44050). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Athyris spriferoides, which is partially encrusted by bryozoans; from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 44050). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Athyris subtilita with its lophophore feeding organ (PRI 76883). Specimen from the Paleontological Research Collection, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension is approximately 2 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Fossil brachiopod specimen of Composita subtilita from the Pennsylvanian of Nebraska (PRI 76919). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimention of specimen is approximately 3 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.

Order Atrypida


Family Atrypidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Atrypa devoniana from the Devonian Lime Creek Formation of Floyd County, Iowa (PRI 70763). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institutuion, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 3 cm.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinatrypa spinosa from the Devonian Hamilton Group of Erie County, New York (PRI 70769). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Diameter of specimen is approximately 4 cm.


Fossil brachiopod specimen of Atrypa spinosa from the Devonian of New York (PRI 76887). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimention of specimen is approximately 3.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.

Order Orthida


Family Bohemiellidae

Internal mold of the fossil brachiopod specimen Wimanella simplex from the Cambrian of British Columbia, Canada (PRI 38668). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 2 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Internal mold of the fossil brachiopod specimen Wimanella simplex (mirroring specimen B below) from the Cambrian of British Columbia, Canada (PRI 38668). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 2 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


External mold of the fossil brachiopod specimen Wimanella simplex (mirroring specimen A above) from the Cambrian of British Columbia, Canada (PRI 38668). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 2 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Dalmanellidae

Small slab of the fossil brachiopods Cincinnetina meeki from the Ordovician Richmond Group of Cincinnati, Ohio. Specimen is from the research collections of the Paleontological Research Institution,Ithaca, New York. Length of rock is approximately 12 cm.


Family Platystrophiidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Vinlandostrophia ponderosa from the Ordovician period (PRI 70768). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Maximum diameter of specimen is 4 cm.


Family Plectorthidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Hebertella occidentalis from the Ordovician McMillan formation of Brown County, Ohio (PRI 70759). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 4.5 cm. 


Family Rhipidomellidae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Rhipidomella vanuxemi from the Devonian New York (PRI 76890). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimention of specimen is approximately 3.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.

Order Pentamerida


Family Pentameridae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Pentamerus oblongus from the Middle Silurian Clinton Formation of New York (PRI 42138). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 6 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Pentamerus oblongus from the Silurian Waukesha Formation of Jackson County, Iowa (PRI 70760). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Specimen is approximately 5.5 cm in length.


Fossil specimen (internal mold) of the brachiopod Pentamerus oblongus from the Silurian Waukesha Limestone of Jackson County, Iowa (PRI 70761). Specimen is from the collections of thePaleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 7 cm. Note that half of the specimen (anterior half) is missing.

Order Rhynchonellida


Family Hypothyridinidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Tullypothyridina venustula from the Devonian Tully Limestone of New York State (PRI 70762). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 2.5 cm.


Family Ladogiidae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Ladogia meyendorfi (CU 42432) from the Lower Devonian. Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 3.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Notosariidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Notosaria sp. from the Eocene La Meseta Fm. of Seymour Island, Antarctica (PRI 65547). Specimen is from the research collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Width of specimen is approximately 4 cm.


Family Rhynconellidae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Trichorhynchia sp. from the Cretaceous of France (PRI 76900). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimention of specimen is approximately 4 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Rhynchotrematidae

A small slab from Oxford, Ohio covered with numerous specimens of the Ordovician brachiopod Hiscobeccus capax (PRI 70758). This specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Specimen is approximately 27 cm in length.


Family Tropidoleptidae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Tropidoleptus carinatus from the Devonian Kashong Shale Formation of New York (PRI 76888). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 26 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.

Order Spiriferida


Family Hysterolitidae


Pyritized fossil specimen of the brachiopod Paraspirifer bownockeri from the Devonian Silica Shale of Lucas County, Ohio (PRI 76796). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Width of specimen is approximately 4 cm.


Pyritized brachiopod specimen of Paraspirifer bownockeri from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation of Ohio (PRI 76880). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 4.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Mucrospiriferidae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Mucrospirifer mrkonensis from the Devonian Arkona Shale of Ontario, Canada (PRI 76891). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Spinocyrtiidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Mediospirifer audaculus from the Middle Devonian Moscow Formation of Livingston County, New York (PRI 70767). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 5 cm.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinocyrtia iowensis from the Devonian of Benton County, Iowa (PRI 70766). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimenion of specimen is approximately 7 cm.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinocyrtia granulosa from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 44051). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. 


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinocyrtia granulosa from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 70764). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 6.5 cm. 


Family Syringothyrididae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Syringothyris cuspidata from the Mississippian of Ireland (PRI 76918). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 5.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.

Order Terebratulida


Family Cancellothyrididae

Recent brachiopod specimen of Terebratulina septentrionalis from the coast of Maine (PRI 76877). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 2.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Centronellidae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Amphigenia elongata from the Devonian Corniferous Limestone of New York (PRI 76897). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimention of specimen is approximately 4.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Laqueidae

Modern specimen of the brachiopod Laqueus sp. from Japan. Specimen is from the teaching collection of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 4 cm.


Family Loboidothyrididae

Fossil brachiopod Loboidothyris perovalis from the Middle Jurassic Inferior Oolite of Bradford, England (PRI 50594). Specimen is on display at the Museum of the Earth, Ithaca, New York. Length of specimen is 6 cm. Model by Emily Hauf.


Family Terebratellidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Magellania sp. from the Eocene La Meseta Formation of Antarctica (PRI 65576). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Length of specimen is approximately 4.5 cm.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Magellania sp. from the Eocene La Meseta Formation of Seymour Island, Antarctica (PRI 65576). Specimen is from the Research Collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Length of shell is approximately 5.5 cm.


Recent specimen of the brachiopod Terebratalia transversa from Salt Spring Island, B.C. Canada. Specimen from the Paleontological Research Collection, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension is approximately 12.5 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.


Family Terebratulidae

Fossil brachiopod specimen of Oleneothyris harlani from the Eocene of New Jersey (PRI 76901). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimention of specimen is approximately 6 cm. Model by Jaleigh Pier.