Six 3D model representative Rhynchonellata brachiopods.

Virtual Collection, Class Rhynchonellata

This virtual collection was last curated by Jonathan Hendricks on May 2, 2019.  Creative Commons License Each model is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Unless otherwise indicated, each model was created by Emily Hauf using specimens at the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York.

Order Terebratulida


Family Laqueidae

Modern specimen of the brachiopod Laqueus sp. from Japan. Specimen is from the teaching collection of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 4 cm.


Family Terebratellidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Magellania sp. from the Eocene La Meseta Formation of Antarctica (PRI 65576). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Length of specimen is approximately 4.5 cm.

Order Athyridida


Family Athyrididae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Athyris spiriferoides from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 44050). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Athyris spriferoides, which is partially encrusted by bryozoans; from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 44050). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York.

Order Pentamerida


Family Pentameridae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Pentamerus oblongus from the Silurian Waukesha Formation of Jackson County, Iowa (PRI 70760). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Specimen is approximately 5.5 cm in length.


Fossil specimen (internal mold) of the brachiopod Pentamerus oblongus from the Silurian Waukesha Limestone of Jackson County, Iowa (PRI 70761). Specimen is from the collections of thePaleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 7 cm. Note that half of the specimen (anterior half) is missing.

Order Atrypida


Family Atrypidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Atrypa devoniana from the Devonian Lime Creek Formation of Floyd County, Iowa (PRI 70763). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institutuion, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 3 cm.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinatrypa spinosa from the Devonian Hamilton Group of Erie County, New York (PRI 70769). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Diameter of specimen is approximately 4 cm.

Order Spiriferida


Family Hysterolitidae


Pyritized fossil specimen of the brachiopod Paraspirifer bownockeri from the Devonian Silica Shale of Lucas County, Ohio (PRI 76796). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Width of specimen is approximately 4 cm.


Family Spinocyrtiidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Mediospirifer audaculus from the Middle Devonian Moscow Formation of Livingston County, New York (PRI 70767). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 5 cm.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinocyrtia iowensis from the Devonian of Benton County, Iowa (PRI 70766). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimenion of specimen is approximately 7 cm.


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinocyrtia granulosa from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 44051). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. 


Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Spinocyrtia granulosa from the Devonian Ludlowville Formation of Erie County, New York (PRI 70764). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 6.5 cm. 

Order Orthida


Family Platystrophiidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Vinlandostrophia ponderosa from the Ordovician period (PRI 70768). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Maximum diameter of specimen is 4 cm.


Family Plectorthidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Hebertella occidentalis from the Ordovician McMillan formation of Brown County, Ohio (PRI 70759). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 4.5 cm. 

Order Rhynchonellida


Family Hypothyridinidae

Fossil specimen of the brachiopod Tullypothyridina venustula from the Devonian Tully Limestone of New York State (PRI 70762). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Longest dimension of specimen is approximately 2.5 cm.


Family Rhynchotrematidae


A small slab from Oxford, Ohio covered with numerous specimens of the Ordovician brachiopod Hiscobeccus capax (PRI 70758). This specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. Specimen is approximately 27 cm in length.