Elizabeth J. Hermsen, Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A.
This chapter first publicly shared on March XX, 2019. Last updated 8 October 2019.
Hermsen, E.J. 2019. Embryophytes (land plants). In: The Digital Encyclopedia of Ancient Life. digitalatlasofancientlife.org/learn/
- Introduction to the embryophytes
- Bryophytes (coming soon)
- Protracheophytes & early tracheophytes (coming soon)
- Lycophytes (coming soon)
- Trimerophytes (coming soon)
- Equisetophytes (coming soon)
- Eusporangiate ferns (coming soon)
- Leptosporangiate ferns (coming soon)
- Gymnosperms (coming soon)
- Angiosperms (flowering plants)
Feature image: Representative embryophytes. Top row, left to right: Thalloid liverworts (Marchantia); angiosperm wood (Quercus) showing growth rings; a horsetail cone (Equiestum sp.); a reconstruction of an early polysporangiophyte; and groundcedar, a modern lycophyte (Diphasiastrum digitatum). Bottom row, left to right: A fossil sycamore leaf (Platanus wyomingensis, Eocene, U.S.A.); ovulate (female) cones of bald cypress, a conifer (Taxodium distichum); cast of the base of an ancient tree stump (Eospermatopteris, Devonian, Gilboa, New York, U.S.A.); fiddlehead of a Christmas fern (Polystichum arostichoides). Credit: E.J. Hermsen (DEAL).
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* Arens, C. [later upated by N.C. Arens, C. Strömberg, and A. Thompson.] 1998. Virtual Paleobotany Lab. University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley, California. https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/IB181/HpageIB181.html
* Boyer, J. 2019. Plant evolution & paleobotany. https://sites.google.com/site/paleoplant/
* Steur, H. 2019. Hans' paleobotany pages. https://steurh.home.xs4all.nl/home.html#inhoud
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Page last updated: 24 October 2019.